(815) 397-7340

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) for C Difficile Infection

What is a fecal microbiota transplant?

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) is a medical procedure that involves transferring fecal material from a healthy donor into the gastrointestinal tract of a recipient to restore the balance of gut microbes. It has emerged as an effective treatment for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a bacterial infection that causes severe diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms.

C. difficile is a bacterium commonly found in the environment and the intestines of some individuals without causing harm. However, when the normal balance of gut bacteria is disrupted, usually due to antibiotic use or hospitalization, C. difficile can overgrow and produce toxins that damage the lining of the colon, leading to CDI. Traditional treatment for CDI involves antibiotics, but recurrent or refractory cases can be challenging to manage.


FMT works by introducing a diverse community of microorganisms from a healthy donor into the recipient’s gut, aiming to restore a healthy microbial balance. The donor fecal material is collected from a thoroughly screened donor who is free of infections and other health conditions. The material is then processed, typically by diluting and filtering it, to obtain a liquid suspension or freeze-dried capsules containing the fecal microbiota.

The procedure can be performed using various methods, including colonoscopy or capsules containing freeze-dried fecal material.

Prior to the procedure, the recipient may undergo a bowel preparation to clear the intestines and optimize the engraftment of the transplanted microbiota.

During the procedure, the fecal material is delivered into the recipient’s gastrointestinal tract. The transplanted microbiota then colonizes the gut and helps restore a healthy microbial community, suppressing the overgrowth of C. difficile and reducing the symptoms of CDI.

FMT has shown remarkable success in treating recurrent and refractory CDI. Studies have reported cure rates exceeding 90%, surpassing the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment alone.

FMT is generally safe, with the most common adverse effects being temporary gastrointestinal symptoms. However, there are potential risks associated with the procedure, including the transmission of infections or other complications, although these risks are minimized through careful donor screening and rigorous processing protocols.

It’s important to note that while FMT is primarily used to treat CDI, research is ongoing to explore its potential applications for other conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and certain metabolic disorders.

If you or someone you know is considering FMT for CDI or any other condition, it is essential to consult with board-certified gastroenterologist at Rockford Gastroenterology Associates who can provide guidance based on the latest research and individual circumstances.

Cookies Policy

This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffice on our website.

Accept Learn More